King Tubby: The Pioneer Who Turned Mixing Desks into Musical Instruments

King Tubby in front of audio equipment
King Tubby in front of audio equipment

Sep 11, 2023

Explore the transformative impact King Tubby had on the role of mixing engineers, evolving it from a technical task to a creative art form.


King Tubby, a Jamaican electronics and sound engineer, revolutionised the role of the mixing engineer. Once a technical function, Tubby transformed it into a platform for limitless creativity. His pioneering work serves as an inspiration for every mixing engineer today.

The Rise of King Tubby in the Sound System Scene

In the 1950s and 1960s, King Tubby was more than just an engineer; he was a visionary. While setting the stage for the emerging sound system culture, Tubby designed amplifiers and even built his own radio transmitter. Here's a short documentary on the history and influence of dub & sound system culture.

King Tubby's Innovative Mixing Techniques

What set Tubby apart was his knack for experimentation. He realised that his mixer and primitive effects units could do more than just balance sound levels—they could transform music. His small recording studio became a sandbox for sonic innovation. Here's an example of his live mixing approach.

The Birth of Dub Music

King Tubby wasn't content with just tweaking levels. He would accentuate the drum and bass parts, truncate other tracks, and create new soundscapes using delay-based effects. Essentially, Tubby was 'playing' the mixing desk as if it were a musical instrument. Through his creative ingenuity, he became one of the founding fathers of the 'dub music' genre. Here's a great example of some of his work.


King Tubby's impact on mixing engineering can't be overstated. He shifted the focus from technical operation to creative liberation, paving the way for modern-day mixing engineers to push the boundaries of what's possible.

Inspired by King Tubby's Creative Approach?

Unlock your own creative potential with Automix, our flagship AI-powered mixing service designed to redefine how music is made.